In India, the period after the world war II was also a change moment for the country. After India’s independence struggle, on 15th August 1947, it got its independence but at the same time it witnessed a very intense civil unrest between the two countries which were formed as a consequence of Independence: India and Pakistan. It is considered one of the largest human exodus in history.
Both the countries were trying to struggle to come to their feet and establish a stable system of government, whereas this period is also seen as Golden Age for Indian cinema. This was the time when the time of Indian Neo realism was established through the movies made by Chetan Anand’s Neecha Nagar, Ritwik Ghatak’s Nagrik, Bimal Roy’s Do Bigha Zameen. This is also the period when Satyajit Ray entered Indian Cinema with the first of his Apu triology with Pather Panchali.
One of the key factors for establishing Internationlism in the field of Cinema is the film festival. Indian films participated in competitions like Palme d’Or for Cannes.Satyajit Ray won Golden lion and Golden Bear at Venice and Berlin film festival respectively. This is the age when through the mentioned directors the wave of Indian Parallel Cinema got established. Many social realist films were made.
Another factor, which brings in Internationalism, is the reach through magazines and journals and mentioning by other noted directors and film fraternity.
This period also gave rise to the establishing the industry of commercial cinema with songs and dance.
Film division of India was set up during this phase to promote and support the Indian films and documentaries. National School of Drama was also established.
Thus it became a very important phase when the foundations of various ideas were laid out and established Indian film industry at the International forums. The institutions brought in a larger picture of films made in other countries to India and made the whole thought process wider in the terms of treatment and techniques as well as infrastructure.