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Showing posts from January, 2014

normativity

What is the Problem of Normativity? Which philosopher from the course do you think has the best response to it?
The science gives us the facts, what is and why it is, where as it does not tell us what ought to be, what should be done. It talks about the ethical rules and values, which guides the human behaviour. It tells about good, bad, right, wrong, just, unjust and other such value based ideas. The problem of normativity lies in the understanding of how to make sense of these norms. How is it possible that everyone understands these norms at a certain level? How do we move the argument from what is to what ought to be? Why do we feel wrong about someone getting murdered? These are the kinds of judgments, which are not explained through facts but comes from the moral value. It comes from a certain passion, which is, felt and cannot be explained by facts. Our moral sense given us the capacity of making judgements to act in a morally responsible manner.  The moral judgments of every ind…

benefit to the world of art during Nazi regime

Benefit to the World of Art due to Nazi Regime There was unrest in Germany and what can safely be termed as ethnic cleansing drove people to flee the country to save their lives. We have read enough about Nazi Germany and so I find no reason to talk about it. Bauhaus school, which had started the new realm in the education by teaching design, closed down after being run from three different places. The people who graduated from the school also moved to other parts of Europe and America. This was also the time when America had become powerful after the industrial revolution and people saw it as a country capable of encompassing various other cultures. The New Bauhaus was set by Lazlo Moholy Nagy and he closed is due to financial difficulties and was instrumental in setting up of the department of design at the Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago. Today institute of design is one of the prominent design schools in the world. Josef Albers, the first student of Bauhaus school to be …

the cultural scene of 1920

The cultural scene of 1920: Amory's Confusion Very restless, rise of youth rebelling against the moral judgments of older generation, rise of parties with prosperity, more sexual freedom, rise of flapper look (tom boyish, short bobbed hair, fringed skirts), flowering of African American culture in arts, also called Jazz age, radio rose as a source of entertainment, movies became a popular entertainment with rise of Charlie Chaplin, Gloria Swensen and others, Sound came in Movies, also the time of a new era in design named Art Deco, excavations of Egyptian pyramids, discovery of tombs, rise in professional sports. In the field of Design, this period gave rise to many products, which were made to make life easier. This led to availability of leisure time with people. With the money and time and popularity of air travel gave rise to tourism. New products came into market such as kitchen accessories, vacuum cleaner, washing machines etc. Women became more liberal, many also started w…

photography and government

Photography and Government I witness a lot of criticism of government programs everyday in my own country. Not all of them are incorrect but not all of them are correct as well. I had this thought many times in the past that the government should talk about its programs, its benefits and try to make the same message to reach to the people, not for the political propaganda but for the sheer truth and reality. This will not only instill faith among people about the government’s working but also would instill pride and strengthen the sense to belonging. Overall, I firmly believe it will make people do their own duties well and would also make them more content. I certainly believe that criticism is important and it paves the way for better work in the future. I also believe that one should not temper with any truth and the picture, which should be shown, should only be real. But at the same time I think, to make people less smug and to make one realize the importance of government’s work…

Indian films

Indian films and their Internationalism after World War II
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In India, the period after the world war II was also a change moment for the country. After India’s independence struggle, on 15th August 1947, it got its independence but at the same time it witnessed a very intense civil unrest between the two countries which were formed as a consequence of Independence: India and Pakistan. It is considered one of the largest human exodus in history. Both the countries were trying to struggle to come to their feet and establish a stable system of government, whereas this period is also seen as Golden Age for Indian cinema. This was the time when the time of Indian Neo realism was established through the movies made by Chetan Anand’s Neecha Nagar, Ritwik Ghatak’s Nagrik, Bimal Roy’s Do Bigha Zameen. This is also the period when Satyajit Ray entered Indian Cinema with the first of his Apu triology with Pather Panchali. One of the key factors for establishing Internationlism in the…

Mobile Phone Cameras

My parents never touched any SLR camera and found it difficult to navigate through the Point and Shoot cameras but today they are happily taking photographs of any event with their cell phone camera. They can save images of their grand children on their phone and show the same to other people. I am aware of each and every family event. The valuable events are also printed and sent. They are sent on social networking websites. My profile on a professional networking site in considered incomplete if a photograph is not uploaded there. My students take photographs of the class-notes given to them instead of noting them down or taking photocopies. Each and every discussion done on the board is saved on someone’s camera for people who did not attend the session. I don’t think there is any dearth of the examples of the way cell phone cameras have changed the world. It has also changed the way we look like. The faces are styled for the photographs. Everyone is conscious of themselves at any…